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HomeRoad TripSouth Carolina Revolutionary Warfare Street Journey: Half 10 - Santee Cooper Nation

South Carolina Revolutionary Warfare Street Journey: Half 10 – Santee Cooper Nation


George Washington cobbled collectively the Continental Military and fought the British to a standstill within the North. Francis Marion and Thomas Sumter pulled collectively patchwork militias and fought the British to a standstill within the South. A 12 months and a half after they invaded South Carolina, British Basic Lord Cornwallis surrendered to Washington at Yorktown.

And this Revolutionary Warfare highway journey throughout South Carolina is one of the simplest ways to learn the way Nice Britain’s Southern Technique fell aside.

Begin at the most effective customer middle within the state for studying methods to discover the American Revolution within the South, go to the gravesites and museums devoted to Sumter and Marion, stroll the bottom of the ultimate pitched battle of the struggle, and go to a lately revealed earthen fort constructed by the British.

Study every little thing you might want to know concerning the cities, factors of curiosity, issues to do, and key stops from Sumter to Moncks Nook, South Carolina.

The way to use this map: Click on the icon within the top-left nook to open the Map Legend, then click on on any of the legend gadgets to show extra info. When you have a Google account, click on the (very faint) star on the finish of the map’s identify to save lots of this map to your account, then entry the map out of your smartphone throughout your journey.

Revolutionary Warfare Customer Middle

The Revolutionary Warfare Customer Middle is the most effective place to find out about Nice Britain’s Southern Technique and the American Revolution historic websites in South Carolina. “That is the customer middle for the Southern Marketing campaign of the Revolutionary Warfare,” Rickie Good, museum supervisor, defined.

READ MORE: A South Carolina Revolutionary Warfare Street Journey: Half 1 – The Olde English District

Opened in 2021, the customer middle is a small complicated of buildings in Camden, South Carolina. In the course of the Revolutionary Warfare, Camden was rapidly captured after the Fall of Charleston in 1780. The very important inland city remained in British palms for nearly a 12 months.

Discover the timeline of the Revolutionary Warfare, learn concerning the pivotal individuals who stored the struggle going after Charleston was captured, and see lifelike mannequins dressed as British Regulars, American Continentals, and Patriot militia assist convey it to life.

Basic Thomas Sumter Gravesite

Thomas Sumter was born close to Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1734. After operating afoul of unpaid money owed, he fled to South Carolina. He established a small however thriving plantation and settled into the lifetime of a planter. In 1776, he was appointed a lieutenant colonel within the 2nd Regiment of South Carolina. However after years of inactivity, he resigned and returned to his plantation.

After the Fall of Charleston in Could 1780, British Basic Lord Cornwallis unleashed Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton within the South Carolina backcountry. Tarleton’s mission was to subdue any additional rebel and enlist Loyalists. To realize the primary objective, he ceaselessly burned the houses and plantations of Patriots, like Sumter’s plantation.

Sumter returned to energetic obligation as a brigadier normal within the South Carolina militia. He stored the British on guard by means of raids and engagements for the subsequent two years, incomes the nickname “Gamecock” due to his fierce preventing techniques.

When Sumter died in 1832 at 97, he was the oldest residing Revolutionary Warfare normal. He’s buried at Basic Thomas Sumter Household Park and Cemetery, an attention-grabbing amalgamation of public park and gravesite. The route is well-marked with highway indicators resulting in a gated entrance to the wooded park. Sumter’s spouse, son, and daughter-in-law are buried within the cemetery with him.

Did You Know?

Sumter’s tomb remained unmarked for 71 years. In 1907, the South Carolina legislature handed a invoice authorizing the development of a monument within the cemetery.

Excessive Hills Baptist Church

Organized in 1770, Excessive Hills Baptist Church is the second-oldest Baptist congregation in South Carolina. On the time, it was a uncommon instance of a non-Presbyterian denomination within the South Carolina backcountry. The present Greek Revival-style church was constructed on land donated by Thomas Sumter.

In 1774, Richard Furman was ordained because the pastor of the church. Though he volunteered to affix the South Carolina regiment at the start of the Revolutionary Warfare, he was satisfied as a substitute to make use of his public talking abilities to achieve help for independence from the general public. After capturing Charleston in 1780, British Basic Lord Cornwallis positioned a large bounty on Furman, forcing him to flee to Virginia.

After the struggle, Furman returned to South Carolina and helped set up the South Carolina State Baptist Conference. When the South’s first Baptist faculty was based in 1826, it was named Furman College in his honor.

Statue of Basic Thomas Sumter in entrance of the courthouse on Predominant Avenue. (High) J. O’Grady’s is an intriguing sports activities bar with beautiful meals. (Backside)
Statue of Basic Thomas Sumter in entrance of the courthouse on Predominant Avenue. (High) J. O’Grady’s is an intriguing sports activities bar with beautiful meals. (Backside)

Sumter, SC

After the Revolutionary Warfare, Senator John Lewis Gervais from Ninety Six launched a invoice to maneuver the state’s capital from Charleston to a brand new location. A number of websites had been proposed, together with Statesville, close to Thomas Sumter’s plantation and ten minutes from Sumter.

Sumterville, named after the native Revolutionary Warfare hero, was established in 1845 and renamed Sumter a decade later. The city’s central location – which might have made it a very good place for a capital – made it best for a railroad hub. The city prospered as a serious industrial middle into the twentieth century.

In 1941, Shaw Area was constructed as a U.S. Military Air Corps coaching middle. After the US Air Drive was created in 1947, the airfield was renamed Shaw Air Drive Base. The energetic navy base is dwelling to the twentieth Fighter Wing – you’ll possible hear the plane over the skies whereas visiting Sumter.

Downtown Sumter stretches a number of blocks alongside Predominant Avenue. Plentiful parallel parking and large sidewalks make it straightforward to discover the world. Search for great boutique outlets and vintage shops whereas discovering a spot to eat.

J O’Grady’s seems like some other sports activities bar, however the meals is a number of the finest on the town. Appetizers are sufficient to function a meal. Should you can’t determine methods to order your burger from the choices, let the workers assist – they know what works finest collectively. You’ll want to ask for silverware since you’ll want it to complete any burgers and sandwiches.

Sumter Authentic Brewery is the city’s first, opened in 2022 by Gary Shuler. The 35,000-square-foot, three-story constructing additionally options the city’s solely rooftop seating. Benefit from the sport room and chilly drinks whereas having fun with a spectacular view.

St. Louis chef Kyle Rhodes opened Sidebar in 2015 to serve Texas-style barbecue. Meats are smoked day by day, and the perimeters are selfmade. Browse the bourbon menu to search out one thing to associate with the savory meal.

Jeffrey Lampkin’s Nation Boy Kitchen serves soul meals with giant parts and recent substances. It’s a neighborhood favourite, however there’s loads of seating inside the straightforward restaurant.

Get pleasure from a high quality eating expertise in Sumter at Hamptons. Hardwood flooring and beautiful chandeliers set the temper. The menu adjustments ceaselessly, typically day by day, to maintain up with the recent seasonal market.

The place to Keep in Sumter, SC

You’ll discover loads of resorts in Sumter alongside U.S. Freeway 378 close to Shaw Air Drive Base. However for the most effective expertise, e-book a room in one in all these downtown lodges.

Hyatt Place opened a stunning lodge on Predominant Avenue in 2022. It’s inside strolling distance of all of the downtown eateries, and you’ll chill out by the swimming pool whenever you return to the snug visitor rooms. E book now with Reserving.com or Expedia.com

1912 Mattress and Breakfast is a spectacular brick mansion from great hosts Tracey and Tommy McLaughlin. Expertise luxurious with ten-foot ceilings and impeccable furnishings on the peaceable property simply minutes from downtown. E book now with Reserving.com or Expedia.com

Swan Lake Iris Gardens

The Swan Lake Iris Gardens is the one public park within the nation the place guests can see all eight species of swans. The 150-acre park began in 1927 when Hamilton Carr Bland couldn’t develop Japanese iris bulbs. A 12 months after chucking them into the close by swamp, Bland observed the attractive flowers rising. From 1938 till 1949, Bland and A.T. Heath Sr. donated the swampy land and lake to town.

The park is free to go to. Park on the Swan Lake Customer Middle – town’s journey and tourism info middle. Stroll the paths across the lake to view the swans and flower gardens. Use the McDuffie Crosswalk over Liberty Avenue to stroll the Cypress Boardwalk across the swamp.

Restoration was unveiled in 2010 on the lake’s edge. Designed and constructed by sculptor Grainger McKoy, the 14-foot-tall metallic sculpture depicts a duck’s wing in flight.

Sumter County Museum

The Sumter County Museum is sort of hidden inside a stunning 1900s brick home. The grand staircase resulting in the coated veranda wrapping round the home tips you into pondering it’s something however a museum. Nevertheless it’s the most effective place to go to in Sumter to study concerning the city’s namesake.

The museum’s reveals are unfold all through the parlor and former bedrooms. A room on the primary ground is devoted to Thomas Sumter’s historical past. Examine his Revolutionary Warfare exploits and see an inventory of battles he led.

Manning, SC

The state fee chosen a sight for a brand new city when Clarendon County was created from the southern portion of Claremont County in 1855. Manning was named after the earlier governor, John Lawrence Manning. The younger city was burned throughout the Civil Warfare only some days earlier than Basic Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse.

However, the city rebounded as a railroad, timber, and agriculture hub. When Interstate 95 was constructed within the Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, it turned a well-liked cease for motorists between New York and Florida.

Get one thing to eat at The Orchard Café or Mill Avenue Grill. Discover the outlets across the courthouse sq.. It’s a beautiful, small city to discover.

Swamp Fox Murals Path

The Swamp Fox Murals Path is an enchanting assortment of over 30 murals depicting Francis Marion’s – a.ok.a. Swamp Fox – exploits within the Revolutionary Warfare. The murals span from ten toes to a whopping 100 toes on the perimeters of buildings in Turbeville, Paxville, Summerton, and Manning.

You’ll need to discover a place to park and examine the unimaginable particulars of the murals. Study concerning the scenes depicted and the artists at Clarendon Murals.

View of Lake Marion from an commentary deck atop the Santee Indian Mound.
View of Lake Marion from an commentary deck atop the Santee Indian Mound.

Santee Indian Mound and Fort Watson

After the Fall of Charleston in Could 1780 and the disastrous Battle of Camden in August, the British secured South Carolina. They constructed a collection of strategic outposts between Charleston and Camden for communications and provides.

Colonel John Watson supervised the development of a fort atop a 1,000-year-old Santee Indian Mound neglected the Santee River. It was a formidable location with clear sightlines 40 toes above the encompassing landscaping.

In February 1781, Basic Thomas Sumter unsuccessfully tried to seize Fort Watson. A couple of months later, Basic Francis Marion started a chronic siege. Main Hezekiah Maham developed a novel thought to counter the sturdy British location. He constructed a picket tower close to the fort, giving his troopers a better elevation.

Marion captured Fort Watson on April 23, 1781. It was the primary essential British garrison captured in South Carolina. However it could not be the final.

The Fort Watson web site is in Santee Nationwide Wildlife Refuge, a few ten-minute drive from Interstate 95. Nothing stays of the fort. However luckily, the Santee Indian Mound stays. It’s a five-minute stroll from parking areas within the refuge. You possibly can climb a picket staircase to the highest of the mound for a sweeping view of Lake Marion.

Did You Know?

The Maham Tower was constructed once more a number of months later on the Battle of Ninety Six. A smaller duplicate of the tower stands close to the Star Fort at Ninety Six Nationwide Historic Web site.

Clark’s Inn and Restaurant is a one-stop place to remain and luxuriate in a unbelievable meal in Santee.

Santee, SC

Santee developed right into a city when U.S. Freeway 301 was in-built 1932. By the late Nineteen Forties, the freeway linked Baltimore to Tampa, changing into the first route between New York and Florida. A two-lane bridge was constructed throughout Lake Marion when it was impounded in 1939.

Interstate 95 was constructed on this space from 1962 till 1968. The ultimate piece was the multi-lane bridge throughout Lake Marion parallel to the unique two-lane bridge. As soon as accomplished, Santee turned a well-liked in a single day vacationer cease between New York and Florida.

As we speak, Santee is a typical interstate wayside with chain resorts, quick meals eateries, and gasoline stations. The Coast Exxon Station is the must-visit place on the town. Store over 40 flavors of recent fudge made day by day, together with typical comfort retailer gadgets.

The place to Keep in Santee, SC

Santee has been an in a single day cease alongside I-95 because it was constructed within the Sixties. You’ll discover loads of resorts, however there may be one place each road-tripper wants to remain not less than as soon as.

Clark’s Inn and Restaurant began in 1946 when WWII veteran William Clark purchased the previous bus station. In 1971, the present restaurant was constructed shortly after I-95 was accomplished by means of Santee. Over the subsequent few years, he added 75 visitor rooms in a roadside motel model.

Nevertheless it’s an elegant roadside motel. Visitor rooms function boutique hotel-style furnishings. There’s an outside swimming pool. And you’ll sit on the coated patio or benches on the garden and share tales along with your neighbors.

Clark’s Inn and Restaurant is now operated by Winfield and Edward Clark, the founder’s sons. The lodge and restaurant are managed by long-time household buddy Kittie Collier.

E book a room at https://clarksinnandrestaurant.com

Eutaw Spring Battlefield

By the top of 1780, the British managed Charleston, Camden, and a string of strategic outposts in between. However lower than a 12 months later, virtually all these outposts had been deserted or captured. Basic Francis Marion captured Fort Watson in April 1781, and the British evacuated Ninety Six in June after Basic Nathaniel Greene’s siege.

The remnants of the British forces outdoors Charleston – about 2,000 Regulars and Loyalists – encamped at Wantoot Plantation close to Eutaw Springs.

Greene caught up with them on September 8, 1781. The Battle of Eutaw Springs was chaotic and disorganized. Ravenous and weary, Greene’s military chased the British from their camp and instantly turned to looting every little thing left behind – together with the rum. Recovering from their retreat, the British troopers started selecting off the Patriots separately.

Though Greene gained a tactical victory, it was one other blow to his beleaguered military. It was the final main battle of the Revolutionary Warfare in South Carolina.

Stroll by means of the small battlefield and browse the interpretive indicators to study extra concerning the battle. A lot of the battlefield was misplaced when Lake Marion was impounded in 1939. A brief path results in the lake’s edge, the place you possibly can see the place Wantoot Plantation as soon as stood.

Probably the most attention-grabbing factor to see within the park is Main John Majoribanks’ gravesite. The British soldier was killed throughout the Battle of Eutaw Springs and buried on the battlefield. When Lake Marion was constructed, his gravesite was moved to the present location.

Francis Marion Tomb

Francis Marion was born in 1732. He was the son of French Huguenot immigrants who traveled to the South Carolina Colony round 1700. His first navy expertise got here in 1761 throughout the French and Indian Warfare when he served within the South Carolina Militia preventing for Nice Britain.

However when the Revolutionary Warfare began, he was commissioned as a captain within the Continental Military’s 2nd South Carolina Regiment, collaborating within the Battle of Sullivan’s Island.

Marion prevented seize on the Fall of Charleston in 1780. When the disastrous Battle of Camden left no Continental Military troopers within the state, Marion started recruiting militiamen. Over the subsequent two years, he earned his moniker “The Swamp Fox” for his uncanny potential to ambush British models and rapidly disappear into the swamps.

After the American Revolution, Marion left politics and navy service behind, returning to his plantation at Pond Bluff. When he died in 1795, he was buried in a household cemetery at close by Belle Isle Plantation.

The cemetery is open to the general public. It’s situated on the finish of a half-mile paved highway close to St. Stephen.

Biggin Church

The primary brick church was accomplished on this web site in 1715, about thirty years after a settlement developed by French Huguenot immigrants. The church was destroyed by a forest fireplace in 1755. In 1767, a stuccoed brick church was constructed.

British forces captured Moncks Nook throughout the Siege of Charleston. A everlasting garrison was established on the earthen Fort Honest Garden and Colleton Mansion. Biggin Church was garrisoned and used as a provide depot.

Lieutenant Colonel James Coates commanded the British outposts in Moncks Nook. In July 1781, Basic Thomas Sumter, strengthened by Henry Lee and Francis Marion, launched an assault. Coates deserted the fort and retreated to Biggin Church. In the midst of the night time, Coates set fireplace to the church to stop the Patriots from capturing provides and escaped seize.

The ruins you see whenever you go to at present are from the third brick church on the location. Constructed after the Revolutionary Warfare, it was destroyed by a forest fireplace within the Eighties.

The Barony Home is likely one of the finest eating choices in Moncks Nook.

Moncks Nook, SC

French Huguenots settled on this space after immigrating by means of Charleston within the 1680s. It turned an essential buying and selling hub because the final navigable level on the Cooper River and a crossroads of inland buying and selling routes.

When the city was established in 1728, it was named after native landowner Thomas Monck. By the point of the Revolutionary Warfare, Moncks Nook was nothing greater than a set of buying and selling posts and taverns. Nevertheless it was an important hyperlink between Charleston and inland cities.

And that made it an important goal when the British arrived in 1780.

Patriot Basic Isaac Huger was ordered to guard Moncks Nook with 500 troopers. After British Basic Sir Henry Clinton laid siege to Charleston, communications and reinforcements continued to reach on the Cooper River through Moncks Nook.

Clinton despatched Lieutenant Colonel James Webster with 1,400 males and a detachment of Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton’s dragoons to seize the commerce city. On April 14, 1780, the Battle of Moncks Nook was a simple British victory. Catching Huger off guard, the British seized 185 horses, wagon a great deal of arms and gunpowder, and secured Moncks Nook.

Get one thing to eat at The Barony Home, a neighborhood favourite that lately modified possession. When Michelle Hopkins purchased the restaurant from Van Excessive, she added a ardour for pastries to the nation meals menu. The preferred menu merchandise is a meat and three – a meat of the day and three sides like collards, mac and cheese, and recent greens. However save room for dessert since you’ll need to attempt a slice of Michelle’s scrumptious truffles and pies.

Breck’s Station opened in North Charleston in 1961 after which opened a brand new location in Moncks Nook in 2016. The locally-owned restaurant is thought for its big steaks, however you can even order Lowcountry seafood, burgers, and sandwiches. Should you’re feeling peckish whenever you arrive, order a few of their selfmade onion rings with a thick slice of onion and crunchy breading.

The place to Keep in Moncks Nook, SC

Moncks Nook lacks choices for in a single day lodging. Fortuitously, Moncks Nook Inn is a surprisingly good lodge.

The big outside swimming pool has a peaceable forested backdrop in a nook of the car parking zone. The clear, spacious rooms featured first rate furnishings. It’s a fantastic place to spend the night time on the finish of an extended highway journey. E book now with Reserving.com or Expedia.com

Berkeley County Museum

In 1786, the South Carolina Basic Meeting chartered an organization to construct an inland canal between the Cooper River and Santee River, connecting Charleston to Columbia by water. The canal was constructed from 1793 till 1800. It operated for almost fifty years. However poor design, drought, and the railroad ended the state’s constitution, and by 1865, the canal was deserted.

Outdated Santee Canal Park was established to protect one of many earliest canals in-built America. The Interpretive Middle options reveals and an enchanting mannequin depicting the canal’s building.

However you’ll want to move over to the Berkeley County Museum for Revolutionary Warfare historical past. The museum options the world’s normal historical past, together with colonial instances, the American Revolution, and the constructing of the canals. The museum focuses on Francis Marion, Thomas Sumter, and the native battles of the struggle for independence.

The trailhead at Outdated Santee Canal Park. (High). A tiny footbridge crosses a small trench into the earthen Fort Honest Garden. (Backside)

Fort Honest Garden

Sir John Colleton – one of many Lords Proprietors of the Carolina Colony – was given a 12,000-acre barony by King George II. From 1730 till 1740, John Colleton, the great-grandson of the unique proprietor, constructed a big brick mansion on a portion of the barony alongside the Cooper River.

When Colleton died in 1777, the barony was left to his spouse, Jane. After the British captured Moncks Nook and Charleston in 1780, she fled to England for defense. The British seized the deserted mansion, turned it right into a area hospital, and constructed an earthen fort on the property named after the home – Fort Honest Garden.

Doug Bostick, CEO of the South Carolina Battleground Preservation Belief, described Fort Honest Garden as “a serious hub, just like the Atlanta airport.” It was a very powerful British outpost between Charleston and Camden, defending an important hyperlink for communications and provides on the Cooper River.

All through 1781, the tide of the struggle turned in opposition to the British.

After retreating from Ninety Six and Camden, Fort Honest Garden remained one of many few British strongholds in South Carolina outdoors of Charleston. Basic Francis Marion ordered Colonels Hezekiah Maham and Isaac Shelby to assault the fort.

However Maham thought of the fort too daunting to seize. As a substitute, they shifted their assault to the Colleton mansion. They took 76 prisoners, paroled the medical workers, and took over 300 stands of arms. Mysteriously, the mansion was burned.

A month later, the British deserted Fort Honest Garden. It was by no means captured in battle.

In 2022, the South Carolina Battlefield Preservation Belief unveiled Fort Honest Garden – one in all solely two extant Revolutionary Warfare redoubts in South Carolina. Guests park at Outdated Santee Canal Park and hike 1.1 miles alongside a crushed gravel path to the fort’s forested location.

Fort Honest Garden is extra preserved than restored. Towering bushes develop inside and across the fort’s light earthen partitions. A small picket bridge crosses the two-foot-deep trench surrounding the fort. It’s an enchanting place to go to and stroll in historical past’s footsteps.

Mepkin Abbey

Within the late 1700s, Henry Laurens was one of many wealthiest males in South Carolina. In 1777, the diplomat was despatched on an important mission to Holland to safe a wartime mortgage for the fledgling American authorities. He was captured by a British ship close to Newfoundland, charged with treason, and imprisoned on the Tower of London – the one American ever held within the well-known jail.

After almost three years of languishing captivity, Laurens was exchanged for Lord Charles Cornwallis, the British normal who surrendered on the Siege of Yorktown and successfully ended the Revolutionary Warfare. Laurens lastly accomplished his journey to Amsterdam, secured much-needed funds, after which traveled to Paris to assist negotiate the Treaty of Paris.

Lastly, in 1784, Laurens returned to Mepkin Abbey. The British burned his dwelling throughout the struggle. His solely son was killed in a minor skirmish in 1782. Laurens remained at his plantation till he died in 1792.

In 1936, Henry and Clare Boothe Luce, publishers of Time and Life magazines, purchased the plantation. They later donated the property to the Roman Catholic Church, and in 1949, the monks of Gethsemani in Kentucky established a Trappist monastery on the web site.

Guided excursions are given each Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday at Mepkin Abbey. The excursions focus extra on the historical past of the property because the Nineteen Forties. The one remnant of Laurens’ authentic plantation is the household cemetery. It’s a ten-minute stroll from the car parking zone, the place you possibly can see the ultimate resting place of Henry and John Laurens.

Cypress Gardens

In 1909, Benjamin Kittredge rebuilt the rice area dikes on the defunct Dean Corridor Plantation. He planted bushes, shrubs, and flowers. After over twenty years of labor, he opened Cypress Gardens to the general public in 1932.

You gained’t study something concerning the Revolutionary Warfare at Cypress Gardens. However you possibly can see the place scenes from The Patriot had been filmed. It’s additionally a fantastic alternative to discover a swampy botanical backyard and learn the way Marion should have felt.

Stroll across the 170-acre botanical backyard on trails that loop across the swamps and cross over attractive picket bridges. Take a guided boat tour to see the wildlife, or hire a kayak to discover by yourself.

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